The Mechanics of a Piping System & How Each Piece Works

Piping systems are an important part of any process plant or industrial facility. Typical piping systems involve an array of different components. Continue reading to discover how each piece works.

Pipe Fittings

Pipe fittings are used in piping systems to connect straight pipe or tubing sections, to adapt to different sizes or shapes, and for other purposes such as regulating or measuring fluid flow. Teflon tape is often wrapped around threaded pipe fittings to ensure a watertight seal.


Elbows are used to change the direction of flow in a piping system. They are available in a variety of angles, usually 45°, 90°, and 180°. Butt weld elbows are also available in other angles such as 60°.


Tees are used to connect three pieces of pipe or tubing. They can be equal tee (which splits the flow evenly between the two outlets) or reducing tee (which allows for different sizes of pipe on each outlet).


Sockolets are a type of tee used to connect two pieces of pipe or tubing. It has a branch outlet that is smaller in diameter than the main line. Sockolets are available in a variety of materials, sizes, and pressure ratings.

Pipe supports

Pipe supports are used to anchor, guide, absorb shock, or support a weighted pipe. This part is especially important in high-pressure or high-temperature piping systems.


Anchors are used to support piping that is not under tension. The pipe anchor must be able to support the weight of the pipe and the contents that flow through it. There are many different types of anchors, including beam clamps.


Guides are used to keep piping from moving laterally. The guide is placed on the outside of the pipe and is made from metal, plastic, or rubber.


Absorbers are used to reduce vibration and noise in a piping system. If the absorber doesn’t touch the pipe, it is called a hanger. If it does touch the pipe, it is called a cradle.

Different components go into a typical piping system, including sockolets and anchors. Each part must be installed properly to avoid explosions, as transporting oil and gas can be dangerous. If your business has a piping system and you’re looking for specific parts, contact the team at Lynco Flange & Fitting today.

Our team is here to help yours

Our team can speak directly with engineers, offering product knowledge and specific guidance about which parts are most likely to get the job done to your specifications. We'll get you the quote that makes the most sense. Try us.

Get a free quote