A flange is a projecting rim or collar on a pipe for a pressure vessel. When used in combination with another flange, it is capable of sealing a pressure vessel or another pipe. This is a reliable way of connecting pipe or vessel systems. The four core-standards for flanges are:
- API – used for large diameter carbon pipes
- MSS – used for steel pipeline
- AWWA – used for water work
Flanges are not a one-type-fits-all solution. Matching the idle flange design of a piping system, an intended usage will ensure the reliable operation of said system. There are six different types of flanges:
- Blind flange: This is used to close the ends of a pipe which ensures no flow or leakage.
- Lap joint: This connects to a like stub end to the end of a pipe; it’s used in combination with a sealable joint or pressure vessel.
- Slip-on flange: This flange is available in an extensive range of sizes and is used to accommodate a system with a significant rate flow and throughout.
- Socket weld flange: This is ideal for small pipe diameters in low temperature and pressure systems. This flange utilizes a socket weld joining to attach the flange to the pipe or tube.
- Threaded: This flange can be attached without welding and is often described as a screwed flange. This method works as both an advantage and disadvantage. The advantage is you don’t need a welder to attach it; just match the thread to the connecting pipes. The major disadvantage is it can be prone to leaks; therefore, a threaded flange is commonly used on smaller pipes.
- Weld Neck: This flange is recognized by its hub on the neck, designed to match the inner side of a pipe. A weld neck flange needs a butt weld to install. This type of flange is popular for pipe processing as it can withstand high pressure and temperatures. This creates a reduction in erosion and turbulence.
We hope this article has provided you with a basic understanding about what a flange is and an understanding about why the flange is important. Without flanges, the many valves, pipe fittings, and other equipment used in formulating a pipe system would not work efficiently.
For a trusted, knowledgeable, and reliable provider of flanges and other vital components, please contact us today at Lynco Flange & Fitting!